# 6.7 Integer exponents and scientific notation  (Page 8/10)

 Page 8 / 10

## Section 6.2 Use Multiplication Properties of Exponents

Simplify Expressions with Exponents

In the following exercises, simplify.

${10}^{4}$

${17}^{1}$

17

${\left(\frac{2}{9}\right)}^{2}$

${\left(0.5\right)}^{3}$

0.125

${\left(-2\right)}^{6}$

$\text{−}{2}^{6}$

$-64$

Simplify Expressions Using the Product Property for Exponents

In the following exercises, simplify each expression.

${x}^{4}·{x}^{3}$

${p}^{15}·{p}^{16}$

${p}^{31}$

${4}^{10}·{4}^{6}$

$8·{8}^{5}$

${8}^{6}$

$n·{n}^{2}·{n}^{4}$

${y}^{c}·{y}^{3}$

${y}^{c+3}$

Simplify Expressions Using the Power Property for Exponents

In the following exercises, simplify each expression.

${\left({m}^{3}\right)}^{5}$

${\left({5}^{3}\right)}^{2}$

${5}^{6}$

${\left({y}^{4}\right)}^{x}$

${\left({3}^{r}\right)}^{s}$

${3}^{rs}$

Simplify Expressions Using the Product to a Power Property

In the following exercises, simplify each expression.

${\left(4a\right)}^{2}$

${\left(-5y\right)}^{3}$

$-125{y}^{3}$

${\left(2mn\right)}^{5}$

${\left(10xyz\right)}^{3}$

$1000{x}^{3}{y}^{3}{z}^{3}$

Simplify Expressions by Applying Several Properties

In the following exercises, simplify each expression.

${\left({p}^{2}\right)}^{5}·{\left({p}^{3}\right)}^{6}$

${\left(4{a}^{3}{b}^{2}\right)}^{3}$

$64{a}^{9}{b}^{6}$

${\left(5x\right)}^{2}\left(7x\right)$

${\left(2{q}^{3}\right)}^{4}{\left(3q\right)}^{2}$

$48{q}^{14}$

${\left(\frac{1}{3}{x}^{2}\right)}^{2}{\left(\frac{1}{2}x\right)}^{3}$

${\left(\frac{2}{5}{m}^{2}n\right)}^{3}$

$\frac{8}{125}{m}^{6}{n}^{3}$

Multiply Monomials

In the following exercises 8, multiply the monomials.

$\left(-15{x}^{2}\right)\left(6{x}^{4}\right)$

$\left(-9{n}^{7}\right)\left(-16n\right)$

$144{n}^{8}$

$\left(7{p}^{5}{q}^{3}\right)\left(8p{q}^{9}\right)$

$\left(\frac{5}{9}a{b}^{2}\right)\left(27a{b}^{3}\right)$

$15{a}^{2}{b}^{5}$

## Section 6.3 Multiply Polynomials

Multiply a Polynomial by a Monomial

In the following exercises, multiply.

$7\left(a+9\right)$

$-4\left(y+13\right)$

$-4y-52$

$-5\left(r-2\right)$

$p\left(p+3\right)$

${p}^{2}+3p$

$\text{−}m\left(m+15\right)$

$-6u\left(2u+7\right)$

$-12{u}^{2}-42u$

$9\left({b}^{2}+6b+8\right)$

$3{q}^{2}\left({q}^{2}-7q+6\right)$ 3

$3{q}^{4}-21{q}^{3}+18{q}^{2}$

$\left(5z-1\right)z$

$\left(b-4\right)·11$

$11b-44$

Multiply a Binomial by a Binomial

In the following exercises, multiply the binomials using: the Distributive Property, the FOIL method, the Vertical Method.

$\left(x-4\right)\left(x+10\right)$

$\left(6y-7\right)\left(2y-5\right)$

$12{y}^{2}-44y+35$ $12{y}^{2}-44y+35$ $12{y}^{2}-44y+35$

In the following exercises, multiply the binomials. Use any method.

$\left(x+3\right)\left(x+9\right)$

$\left(y-4\right)\left(y-8\right)$

${y}^{2}-12y+32$

$\left(p-7\right)\left(p+4\right)$

$\left(q+16\right)\left(q-3\right)$

${q}^{2}+13q-48$

$\left(5m-8\right)\left(12m+1\right)$

$\left({u}^{2}+6\right)\left({u}^{2}-5\right)$

${u}^{4}+{u}^{2}-30$

$\left(9x-y\right)\left(6x-5\right)$

$\left(8mn+3\right)\left(2mn-1\right)$

$16{m}^{2}{n}^{2}-2mn-3$

Multiply a Trinomial by a Binomial

In the following exercises, multiply using the Distributive Property, the Vertical Method.

$\left(n+1\right)\left({n}^{2}+5n-2\right)$

$\left(3x-4\right)\left(6{x}^{2}+x-10\right)$

$18{x}^{3}-21{x}^{2}-34x+40$ $18{x}^{3}-21{x}^{2}-34x+40$

In the following exercises, multiply. Use either method.

$\left(y-2\right)\left({y}^{2}-8y+9\right)$

$\left(7m+1\right)\left({m}^{2}-10m-3\right)$

$7{m}^{3}-69{m}^{2}-31m-3$

## Section 6.4 Special Products

Square a Binomial Using the Binomial Squares Pattern

In the following exercises, square each binomial using the Binomial Squares Pattern.

${\left(c+11\right)}^{2}$

${\left(q-15\right)}^{2}$

${q}^{2}-30q+225$

${\left(x+\frac{1}{3}\right)}^{2}$

${\left(8u+1\right)}^{2}$

$64{u}^{2}+16u+1$

${\left(3{n}^{3}-2\right)}^{2}$

${\left(4a-3b\right)}^{2}$

$16{a}^{2}-24ab+9{b}^{2}$

Multiply Conjugates Using the Product of Conjugates Pattern

In the following exercises, multiply each pair of conjugates using the Product of Conjugates Pattern.

$\left(s-7\right)\left(s+7\right)$

$\left(y+\frac{2}{5}\right)\left(y-\frac{2}{5}\right)$

${y}^{2}-\frac{4}{25}$

$\left(12c+13\right)\left(12c-13\right)$

$\left(6-r\right)\left(6+r\right)$

$36-{r}^{2}$

$\left(u+\frac{3}{4}v\right)\left(u-\frac{3}{4}v\right)$

$\left(5{p}^{4}-4{q}^{3}\right)\left(5{p}^{4}+4{q}^{3}\right)$

$25{p}^{8}-16{q}^{6}$

Recognize and Use the Appropriate Special Product Pattern

In the following exercises, find each product.

${\left(3m+10\right)}^{2}$

$\left(6a+11\right)\left(6a-11\right)$

$36{a}^{2}-121$

$\left(5x+y\right)\left(x-5y\right)$

${\left({c}^{4}+9d\right)}^{2}$

${c}^{8}+18{c}^{4}d+81{d}^{2}$

$\left({p}^{5}+{q}^{5}\right)\left({p}^{5}-{q}^{5}\right)$

$\left({a}^{2}+4b\right)\left(4a-{b}^{2}\right)$

$4{a}^{3}+3{a}^{2}b-4{b}^{3}$

## Section 6.5 Divide Monomials

Simplify Expressions Using the Quotient Property for Exponents

In the following exercises, simplify.

$\frac{{u}^{24}}{{u}^{6}}$

$\frac{{10}^{25}}{{10}^{5}}$

${10}^{20}$

$\frac{{3}^{4}}{{3}^{6}}$

$\frac{{v}^{12}}{{v}^{48}}$

$\frac{1}{{v}^{36}}$

$\frac{x}{{x}^{5}}$

$\frac{5}{{5}^{8}}$

$\frac{1}{{5}^{7}}$

Simplify Expressions with Zero Exponents

In the following exercises, simplify.

${75}^{0}$

${x}^{0}$

1

$\text{−}{12}^{0}$

$\left(\text{−}{12}^{0}\right)$ ${\left(-12\right)}^{0}$

1

$25{x}^{0}$

${\left(25x\right)}^{0}$

1

$19{n}^{0}-25{m}^{0}$

${\left(19n\right)}^{0}-{\left(25m\right)}^{0}$

0

Simplify Expressions Using the Quotient to a Power Property

In the following exercises, simplify.

${\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)}^{3}$

${\left(\frac{m}{3}\right)}^{4}$

$\frac{{m}^{4}}{81}$

${\left(\frac{r}{s}\right)}^{8}$

${\left(\frac{x}{2y}\right)}^{6}$

$\frac{{x}^{6}}{64{y}^{6}}$

Simplify Expressions by Applying Several Properties

In the following exercises, simplify.

$\frac{{\left({x}^{3}\right)}^{5}}{{x}^{9}}$

$\frac{{n}^{10}}{{\left({n}^{5}\right)}^{2}}$

1

${\left(\frac{{q}^{6}}{{q}^{8}}\right)}^{3}$

${\left(\frac{{r}^{8}}{{r}^{3}}\right)}^{4}$

${r}^{20}$

${\left(\frac{{c}^{2}}{{d}^{5}}\right)}^{9}$

${\left(\frac{3{x}^{4}}{2{y}^{2}}\right)}^{5}$

$\frac{343{x}^{20}}{32{y}^{10}}$

${\left(\frac{{v}^{3}{v}^{9}}{{v}^{6}}\right)}^{4}$

$\frac{{\left(3{n}^{2}\right)}^{4}{\left(-5{n}^{4}\right)}^{3}}{{\left(-2{n}^{5}\right)}^{2}}$

$-\frac{10,125{n}^{10}}{4}$

Divide Monomials

In the following exercises, divide the monomials.

$-65{y}^{14}÷5{y}^{2}$

$\frac{64{a}^{5}{b}^{9}}{-16{a}^{10}{b}^{3}}$

$-\frac{4{b}^{6}}{{a}^{5}}$

$\frac{144{x}^{15}{y}^{8}{z}^{3}}{18{x}^{10}{y}^{2}{z}^{12}}$

$\frac{\left(8{p}^{6}{q}^{2}\right)\left(9{p}^{3}{q}^{5}\right)}{16{p}^{8}{q}^{7}}$

$\frac{9p}{2}$

## Section 6.6 Divide Polynomials

Divide a Polynomial by a Monomial

In the following exercises, divide each polynomial by the monomial.

$\frac{42{z}^{2}-18z}{6}$

$\left(35{x}^{2}-75x\right)÷5x$

$7x-15$

$\frac{81{n}^{4}+105{n}^{2}}{-3}$

$\frac{550{p}^{6}-300{p}^{4}}{10{p}^{3}}$

$55{p}^{3}-30p$

$\left(63x{y}^{3}+56{x}^{2}{y}^{4}\right)÷\left(7xy\right)$

$\frac{96{a}^{5}{b}^{2}-48{a}^{4}{b}^{3}-56{a}^{2}{b}^{4}}{8a{b}^{2}}$

$12{a}^{4}-6{a}^{3}b-7a{b}^{2}$

$\frac{57{m}^{2}-12m+1}{-3m}$

$\frac{105{y}^{5}+50{y}^{3}-5y}{5{y}^{3}}$

$21{y}^{2}+10-\frac{1}{{y}^{2}}$

Divide a Polynomial by a Binomial

In the following exercises, divide each polynomial by the binomial.

$\left({k}^{2}-2k-99\right)÷\left(k+9\right)$

$\left({v}^{2}-16v+64\right)÷\left(v-8\right)$

$v-8$

$\left(3{x}^{2}-8x-35\right)÷\left(x-5\right)$

$\left({n}^{2}-3n-14\right)÷\left(n+3\right)$

$n-6+\frac{4}{n+3}$

$\left(4{m}^{3}+m-5\right)÷\left(m-1\right)$

$\left({u}^{3}-8\right)÷\left(u-2\right)$

${u}^{2}+2u+4$

## Section 6.7 Integer Exponents and Scientific Notation

Use the Definition of a Negative Exponent

In the following exercises, simplify.

${9}^{-2}$

${\left(-5\right)}^{-3}$

$-\frac{1}{125}$

$3·{4}^{-3}$

${\left(6u\right)}^{-3}$

$\frac{1}{216{u}^{3}}$

${\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)}^{-1}$

${\left(\frac{3}{4}\right)}^{-2}$

$\frac{16}{9}$

Simplify Expressions with Integer Exponents

In the following exercises, simplify.

${p}^{-2}·{p}^{8}$

${q}^{-6}·{q}^{-5}$

$\frac{1}{{q}^{11}}$

$\left({c}^{-2}d\right)\left({c}^{-3}{d}^{-2}\right)$

${\left({y}^{8}\right)}^{-1}$

$\frac{1}{{y}^{8}}$

${\left({q}^{-4}\right)}^{-3}$

$\frac{{a}^{8}}{{a}^{12}}$

$\frac{1}{{a}^{4}}$

$\frac{{n}^{5}}{{n}^{-4}}$

$\frac{{r}^{-2}}{{r}^{-3}}$

$r$

Convert from Decimal Notation to Scientific Notation

In the following exercises, write each number in scientific notation.

8,500,000

0.00429

$4.29\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-3}$

The thickness of a dime is about 0.053 inches.

In 2015, the population of the world was about 7,200,000,000 people.

$7.2\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{9}$

Convert Scientific Notation to Decimal Form

In the following exercises, convert each number to decimal form.

$3.8\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{5}$

$1.5\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{10}$

$15,000,000,000$

$9.1\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-7}$

$5.5\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-1}$

$0.55$

Multiply and Divide Using Scientific Notation

In the following exercises, multiply and write your answer in decimal form.

$\left(2\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{5}\right)\left(4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-3}\right)$

$\left(3.5\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-2}\right)\left(6.2\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-1}\right)$

$0.0217$

In the following exercises, divide and write your answer in decimal form.

$\frac{8\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{5}}{4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-1}}$

$\frac{9\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-5}}{3\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{2}}$

$0.0000003$

## Chapter practice test

For the polynomial $10{x}^{4}+9{y}^{2}-1$
Is it a monomial, binomial, or trinomial?
What is its degree?

In the following exercises, simplify each expression.

$\left(12{a}^{2}-7a+4\right)+\left(3{a}^{2}+8a-10\right)$

$15{a}^{2}+a-6$

$\left(9{p}^{2}-5p+1\right)-\left(2{p}^{2}-6\right)$

${\left(-\frac{2}{5}\right)}^{3}$

$-\frac{8}{125}$

$u·{u}^{4}$

${\left(4{a}^{3}{b}^{5}\right)}^{2}$

$16{a}^{6}{b}^{10}$

$\left(-9{r}^{4}{s}^{5}\right)\left(4r{s}^{7}\right)$

$3k\left({k}^{2}-7k+13\right)$

$3{k}^{3}-21{k}^{2}+39k$

$\left(m+6\right)\left(m+12\right)$

$\left(v-9\right)\left(9v-5\right)$

$9{v}^{2}-86v+45$

$\left(4c-11\right)\left(3c-8\right)$

$\left(n-6\right)\left({n}^{2}-5n+4\right)$

${n}^{3}-11{n}^{2}+34n-24$

$\left(2x-15y\right)\left(5x+7y\right)$

$\left(7p-5\right)\left(7p+5\right)$

$49{p}^{2}-25$

${\left(9v-2\right)}^{2}$

$\frac{{3}^{8}}{{3}^{10}}$

$\frac{1}{9}$

${\left(\frac{{m}^{4}·m}{{m}^{3}}\right)}^{6}$

${\left(87{x}^{15}{y}^{3}{z}^{22}\right)}^{0}$

$1$

$\frac{80{c}^{8}{d}^{2}}{16c{d}^{10}}$

$\frac{12{x}^{2}+42x-6}{2x}$

$6x+21-\frac{3}{x}$

$\left(70x{y}^{4}+95{x}^{3}y\right)÷5xy$

$\frac{64{x}^{3}-1}{4x-1}$

$16{x}^{2}+4x+1$

$\left({y}^{2}-5y-18\right)÷\left(y+3\right)$

${5}^{-2}$

$\frac{1}{25}$

${\left(4m\right)}^{-3}$

${q}^{-4}·{q}^{-5}$

$\frac{1}{{q}^{9}}$

$\frac{{n}^{-2}}{{n}^{-10}}$

Convert 83,000,000 to scientific notation.

$8.3\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{7}$

Convert $6.91\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-5}$ to decimal form.

In the following exercises, simplify, and write your answer in decimal form.

$\left(3.4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{9}\right)\left(2.2\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-5}\right)$

74,800

$\frac{8.4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{-3}}{4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}×\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{3}}$

A helicopter flying at an altitude of 1000 feet drops a rescue package. The polynomial $-16{t}^{2}+1000$ gives the height of the package $t$ seconds a after it was dropped. Find the height when $t=6$ seconds.

424 feet

help me understand graphs
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
convert to decimal 9/11
August
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August
From Google: The quadratic formula, , is used in algebra to solve quadratic equations (polynomial equations of the second degree). The general form of a quadratic equation is , where x represents a variable, and a, b, and c are constants, with . A quadratic equation has two solutions, called roots.
Melissa
what is the answer of w-2.6=7.55
10.15
Michael
w = 10.15 You add 2.6 to both sides and then solve for w (-2.6 zeros out on the left and leaves you with w= 7.55 + 2.6)
Korin
Nataly is considering two job offers. The first job would pay her $83,000 per year. The second would pay her$66,500 plus 15% of her total sales. What would her total sales need to be for her salary on the second offer be higher than the first?
x > $110,000 bruce greater than$110,000
Michael
Estelle is making 30 pounds of fruit salad from strawberries and blueberries. Strawberries cost $1.80 per pound, and blueberries cost$4.50 per pound. If Estelle wants the fruit salad to cost her $2.52 per pound, how many pounds of each berry should she use? nawal Reply$1.38 worth of strawberries + $1.14 worth of blueberries which=$2.52
Leitha
how
Zaione
is it right😊
Leitha
lol maybe
Robinson
8 pound of blueberries and 22 pounds of strawberries
Melissa
8 pounds x 4.5 = 36 22 pounds x 1.80 = 39.60 36 + 39.60 = 75.60 75.60 / 30 = average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
8 pounds x 4.5 equal 36 22 pounds x 1.80 equal 39.60 36 + 39.60 equal 75.60 75.60 / 30 equal average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
hmmmm...... ?
Robinson
8 pounds x 4.5 = 36 22 pounds x 1.80 = 39.60 36 + 39.60 = 75.60 75.60 / 30 = average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
The question asks how many pounds of each in order for her to have an average cost of $2.52. She needs 30 lb in all so 30 pounds times$2.52 equals $75.60. that's how much money she is spending on the fruit. That means she would need 8 pounds of blueberries and 22 lbs of strawberries to equal 75.60 Melissa good Robinson 👍 Leitha thanks Melissa. Leitha nawal let's do another😊 Leitha we can't use emojis...I see now Leitha Sorry for the multi post. My phone glitches. Melissa Vina has$4.70 in quarters, dimes and nickels in her purse. She has eight more dimes than quarters and six more nickels than quarters. How many of each coin does she have?
10 quarters 16 dimes 12 nickels
Leitha
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet.
wtf. is a tail wind or headwind?
Robert
48 miles per hour with headwind and 68 miles per hour with tailwind
Leitha
average speed is 58 mph
Leitha
Into the wind (headwind), 125 mph; with wind (tailwind), 175 mph. Use time (t) = distance (d) ÷ rate (r). since t is equal both problems, then 1210/(x-25) = 1694/(×+25). solve for x gives x=150.
bruce
the jet will fly 9.68 hours to cover either distance
bruce
Riley is planning to plant a lawn in his yard. He will need 9 pounds of grass seed. He wants to mix Bermuda seed that costs $4.80 per pound with Fescue seed that costs$3.50 per pound. How much of each seed should he buy so that the overall cost will be $4.02 per pound? Vonna Reply 33.336 Robinson Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost$8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be$10 per square foot?
Ivan has $8.75 in nickels and quarters in his desk drawer. The number of nickels is twice the number of quarters. How many coins of each type does he have? mikayla Reply 2q=n ((2q).05) + ((q).25) = 8.75 .1q + .25q = 8.75 .35q = 8.75 q = 25 quarters 2(q) 2 (25) = 50 nickles Answer check 25 x .25 = 6.25 50 x .05 = 2.50 6.25 + 2.50 = 8.75 Melissa John has$175 in $5 and$10 bills in his drawer. The number of $5 bills is three times the number of$10 bills. How many of each are in the drawer?
7-$10 21-$5
Robert
Enrique borrowed $23,500 to buy a car. He pays his uncle 2% interest on the$4,500 he borrowed from him, and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. What average interest rate does he pay on the total \$23,500? (Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent.)