# 1.10 Systems of measurement  (Page 2/13)

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## Make unit conversions.

1. Multiply the measurement to be converted by 1; write 1 as a fraction relating the units given and the units needed.
2. Multiply.
3. Simplify the fraction.
4. Simplify.

When we use the identity property of multiplication to convert units, we need to make sure the units we want to change from will divide out. Usually this means we want the conversion fraction to have those units in the denominator.

Ndula, an elephant at the San Diego Safari Park, weighs almost 3.2 tons. Convert her weight to pounds.

## Solution

We will convert 3.2 tons into pounds. We will use the identity property of multiplication, writing 1 as the fraction $\frac{2000\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{pounds}}{1\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{ton}}.$

 $\text{3.2 tons}$ Multiply the measurement to be converted, by 1. $\text{3.2 tons}\cdot 1$ Write 1 as a fraction relating tons and pounds. $\text{3.2 tons}\cdot \frac{\text{2,000 pounds}}{\text{1 ton}}$ Simplify. Multiply. $\text{6,400 pounds}$ Ndula weighs almost 6,400 pounds.

Arnold’s SUV weighs about 4.3 tons. Convert the weight to pounds.

8,600 pounds

The Carnival Destiny cruise ship weighs 51,000 tons. Convert the weight to pounds.

102,000,000 pounds

Sometimes, to convert from one unit to another, we may need to use several other units in between, so we will need to multiply several fractions.

Juliet is going with her family to their summer home. She will be away from her boyfriend for 9 weeks. Convert the time to minutes.

## Solution

To convert weeks into minutes we will convert weeks into days, days into hours, and then hours into minutes. To do this we will multiply by conversion factors of 1.

 9 weeks Write $1$ as $\frac{\text{7 days}}{\text{1 week}}$ , $\frac{\text{24 hours}}{\text{1 day}}$ , and $\frac{\text{60 minutes}}{\text{1 hour}}$ . $\frac{\text{9 wk}}{1}\cdot \frac{\text{7 days}}{\text{1 wk}}\cdot \frac{\text{24 hr}}{\text{1 day}}\cdot \frac{\text{60 min}}{\text{1 hr}}$ Divide out the common units. Multiply. $\frac{9\cdot 7\cdot 24\cdot \text{60 min}}{1\cdot 1\cdot 1\cdot 1}$ Multiply. $\text{90,720 min}$

Juliet and her boyfriend will be apart for 90,720 minutes (although it may seem like an eternity!).

The distance between the earth and the moon is about 250,000 miles. Convert this length to yards.

440,000,000 yards

The astronauts of Expedition 28 on the International Space Station spend 15 weeks in space. Convert the time to minutes.

151,200 minutes

How many ounces are in 1 gallon?

## Solution

We will convert gallons to ounces by multiplying by several conversion factors. Refer to [link] .

 1 gallon Multiply the measurement to be converted by 1. $\frac{\text{1 gallon}}{1}\cdot \frac{\text{4 quarts}}{\text{1 gallon}}\cdot \frac{\text{2 pints}}{\text{1 quart}}\cdot \frac{\text{2 cups}}{\text{1 pint}}\cdot \frac{\text{8 ounces}}{\text{1 cup}}$ Use conversion factors to get to the right unit. Simplify. Multiply. $\frac{1\cdot 4\cdot 2\cdot 2\cdot \text{8 ounces}}{1\cdot 1\cdot 1\cdot 1\cdot 1}$ Simplify. $\text{128 ounces}$ There are 128 ounces in a gallon.

How many cups are in 1 gallon?

16 cups

How many teaspoons are in 1 cup?

48 teaspoons

## Use mixed units of measurement in the u.s. system

We often use mixed units of measurement in everyday situations. Suppose Joe is 5 feet 10 inches tall, stays at work for 7 hours and 45 minutes, and then eats a 1 pound 2 ounce steak for dinner—all these measurements have mixed units.

Performing arithmetic operations on measurements with mixed units of measures requires care. Be sure to add or subtract like units!

Seymour bought three steaks for a barbecue. Their weights were 14 ounces, 1 pound 2 ounces and 1 pound 6 ounces. How many total pounds of steak did he buy?

## Solution

We will add the weights of the steaks to find the total weight of the steaks.

 Add the ounces. Then add the pounds. Convert 22 ounces to pounds and ounces. $\phantom{\rule{0.35em}{0ex}}$ 2 pounds + 1 pound, 6 ounces Add the pounds. $\phantom{\rule{0.35em}{0ex}}$ 3 pounds, 6 ounces Seymour bought 3 pounds 6 ounces of steak.

a=# of 10's. b=# of 20's; a+b=54; 10a + 20b=$910; a=54 -b; 10(54-b) + 20b=$910; 540-10b+20b=$910; 540+10b=$910; 10b=910-540; 10b=370; b=37; so there are 37 20's and since a+b=54, a+37=54; a=54-37=17; a=17, so 17 10's. So lets check. $740+$170=$910. David Reply . A cashier has 54 bills, all of which are$10 or $20 bills. The total value of the money is$910. How many of each type of bill does the cashier have?
whats the coefficient of 17x
the solution says it 14 but how i thought it would be 17 im i right or wrong is the exercise wrong
Dwayne
17
Melissa
wow the exercise told me 17x solution is 14x lmao
Dwayne
thank you
Dwayne
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
90 minutes
Melody wants to sell bags of mixed candy at her lemonade stand. She will mix chocolate pieces that cost $4.89 per bag with peanut butter pieces that cost$3.79 per bag to get a total of twenty-five bags of mixed candy. Melody wants the bags of mixed candy to cost her $4.23 a bag to make. How many bags of chocolate pieces and how many bags of peanut butter pieces should she use? Jake Reply enrique borrowed$23,500 to buy a car he pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. what average interest rate does he pay on the total$23,500
13.5
Pervaiz
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost$20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be \$10 per square foot?
The equation P=28+2.54w models the relation between the amount of Randy’s monthly water bill payment, P, in dollars, and the number of units of water, w, used. Find the payment for a month when Randy used 15 units of water.
Bridget
help me understand graphs
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
I just responded.
Melissa
Thank you
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
Rich
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
convert to decimal 9/11
August
0.81818
Rich
5/100 = .05 but Rich is right that 9/11 = .81818
Melissa
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August