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Find the quotient: 7 27 ÷ ( 35 36 ) .

4 15

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Find the quotient: 5 14 ÷ ( 15 28 ) .

2 3

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There are several ways to remember which steps to take to multiply or divide fractions. One way is to repeat the call outs to yourself. If you do this each time you do an exercise, you will have the steps memorized.

  • “To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators and multiply the denominators.”
  • “To divide fractions, multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second.”

Another way is to keep two examples in mind:

This is an image with two columns. The first column reads “One fourth of two pizzas is one half of a pizza. Below this are two pizzas side-by-side with a line down the center of each one representing one half. The halves are labeled “one half”. Under this is the equation “2 times 1 fourth”. Under this is another equation “two over 1 times 1 fourth.” Under this is the fraction two fourths and under this is the fraction one half. The next column reads “there are eight quarters in two dollars.” Under this are eight quarters in two rows of four. Under this is the fraction equation 2 divided by one fourth. Under this is the equation “two over one divided by one fourth.” Under this is two over one times four over one. Under this is the answer “8”.

The numerators or denominators of some fractions contain fractions themselves. A fraction in which the numerator or the denominator is a fraction is called a complex fraction .

Complex fraction

A complex fraction    is a fraction in which the numerator or the denominator contains a fraction.

Some examples of complex fractions are:

6 7 3 3 4 5 8 x 2 5 6

To simplify a complex fraction, we remember that the fraction bar means division . For example, the complex fraction 3 4 5 8 means 3 4 ÷ 5 8 .

Simplify: 3 4 5 8 .

Solution

3 4 5 8
Rewrite as division. 3 4 ÷ 5 8
Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second. 3 4 8 5
Multiply. 3 8 4 5
Look for common factors. .
Divide out common factors and simplify. 6 5
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Simplify: 3 7 6 11 .

11 14

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Simplify: x 2 x y 6 .

Solution

x 2 x y 6
Rewrite as division. x 2 ÷ x y 6
Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second. x 2 6 x y
Multiply. x 6 2 x y
Look for common factors. .
Divide out common factors and simplify. 3 y
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Simplify: a 8 a b 6 .

3 4 b

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Simplify: p 2 p q 8 .

4 2 q

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Simplify expressions with a fraction bar

The line that separates the numerator from the denominator in a fraction is called a fraction bar. A fraction bar acts as grouping symbol. The order of operations then tells us to simplify the numerator and then the denominator. Then we divide.

To simplify the expression 5 3 7 + 1 , we first simplify the numerator and the denominator separately. Then we divide.

5 3 7 + 1
2 8
1 4

Simplify an expression with a fraction bar.

  1. Simplify the expression in the numerator. Simplify the expression in the denominator.
  2. Simplify the fraction.

Simplify: 4 2 ( 3 ) 2 2 + 2 .

Solution

4 2 ( 3 ) 2 2 + 2 Use the order of operations to simplify the numerator and the denominator. 4 6 4 + 2 Simplify the numerator and the denominator. −2 6 Simplify. A negative divided by a positive is negative. 1 3

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Simplify: 6 3 ( 5 ) 3 2 + 3 .

3 4

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Simplify: 4 4 ( 6 ) 3 2 + 3 .

2 3

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Where does the negative sign go in a fraction? Usually the negative sign is in front of the fraction, but you will sometimes see a fraction with a negative numerator, or sometimes with a negative denominator. Remember that fractions represent division. When the numerator and denominator have different signs, the quotient is negative.

−1 3 = 1 3 negative positive = negative 1 −3 = 1 3 positive negative = negative

Placement of negative sign in a fraction

For any positive numbers a and b ,

a b = a b = a b

Simplify: 4 ( −3 ) + 6 ( −2 ) −3 ( 2 ) 2 .

Solution

The fraction bar acts like a grouping symbol. So completely simplify the numerator and the denominator separately.

4 ( −3 ) + 6 ( −2 ) −3 ( 2 ) 2 Multiply. −12 + ( −12 ) −6 2 Simplify. −24 −8 Divide. 3

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Simplify: 8 ( −2 ) + 4 ( −3 ) −5 ( 2 ) + 3 .

4

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Simplify: 7 ( −1 ) + 9 ( −3 ) −5 ( 3 ) 2 .

2

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Translate phrases to expressions with fractions

Now that we have done some work with fractions, we are ready to translate phrases that would result in expressions with fractions.

Questions & Answers

a=# of 10's. b=# of 20's; a+b=54; 10a + 20b=$910; a=54 -b; 10(54-b) + 20b=$910; 540-10b+20b=$910; 540+10b=$910; 10b=910-540; 10b=370; b=37; so there are 37 20's and since a+b=54, a+37=54; a=54-37=17; a=17, so 17 10's. So lets check. $740+$170=$910.
David Reply
. A cashier has 54 bills, all of which are $10 or $20 bills. The total value of the money is $910. How many of each type of bill does the cashier have?
jojo Reply
whats the coefficient of 17x
Dwayne Reply
the solution says it 14 but how i thought it would be 17 im i right or wrong is the exercise wrong
Dwayne
17
Melissa
wow the exercise told me 17x solution is 14x lmao
Dwayne
thank you
Dwayne
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet
Mikaela Reply
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Sam Reply
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Mckenzie Reply
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Reiley Reply
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
hamzzi Reply
90 minutes
muhammad
Melody wants to sell bags of mixed candy at her lemonade stand. She will mix chocolate pieces that cost $4.89 per bag with peanut butter pieces that cost $3.79 per bag to get a total of twenty-five bags of mixed candy. Melody wants the bags of mixed candy to cost her $4.23 a bag to make. How many bags of chocolate pieces and how many bags of peanut butter pieces should she use?
Jake Reply
enrique borrowed $23,500 to buy a car he pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. what average interest rate does he pay on the total $23,500
Nakiya Reply
13.5
Pervaiz
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be $10 per square foot?
Bridget Reply
The equation P=28+2.54w models the relation between the amount of Randy’s monthly water bill payment, P, in dollars, and the number of units of water, w, used. Find the payment for a month when Randy used 15 units of water.
Bridget
help me understand graphs
Marlene Reply
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
I just responded.
Melissa
Thank you
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
WENDY Reply
State the question clearly please
Rich
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
August Reply
convert to decimal 9/11
August
0.81818
Rich
5/100 = .05 but Rich is right that 9/11 = .81818
Melissa
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
Jose Reply
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August
Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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