1.2 Use the language of algebra  (Page 5/18)

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Evaluate $3{x}^{2}+4x+1$ when $x=3.$

40

Evaluate $6{x}^{2}-4x-7$ when $x=2.$

9

Indentify and combine like terms

Algebraic expressions are made up of terms. A term is a constant, or the product of a constant and one or more variables.

Term

A term    is a constant, or the product of a constant and one or more variables.

Examples of terms are $7,y,5{x}^{2},9a,\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{b}^{5}.$

The constant that multiplies the variable is called the coefficient .

Coefficient

The coefficient    of a term is the constant that multiplies the variable in a term.

Think of the coefficient as the number in front of the variable. The coefficient of the term 3 x is 3. When we write x , the coefficient is 1, since $x=1·x.$

Identify the coefficient of each term: 14 y $15{x}^{2}$ a .

Solution

The coefficient of 14 y is 14.

The coefficient of $15{x}^{2}$ is 15.

The coefficient of a is 1 since $a=1\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}a.$

Identify the coefficient of each term: $17x$ $41{b}^{2}$ z .

14 41 1

Identify the coefficient of each term: 9 p $13{a}^{3}$ ${y}^{3}.$

9 13 1

Some terms share common traits. Look at the following 6 terms. Which ones seem to have traits in common?

$\begin{array}{cccccccccccccccc}5x\hfill & & & 7\hfill & & & {n}^{2}\hfill & & & 4\hfill & & & 3x\hfill & & & 9{n}^{2}\hfill \end{array}$

The 7 and the 4 are both constant terms.

The 5x and the 3 x are both terms with x .

The ${n}^{2}$ and the $9{n}^{2}$ are both terms with ${n}^{2}.$

When two terms are constants or have the same variable and exponent, we say they are like terms .

• 7 and 4 are like terms.
• 5 x and 3 x are like terms.
• ${x}^{2}$ and $9{x}^{2}$ are like terms.

Like terms

Terms that are either constants or have the same variables raised to the same powers are called like terms    .

Identify the like terms: ${y}^{3},$ $7{x}^{2},$ 14, 23, $4{y}^{3},$ 9 x , $5{x}^{2}.$

Solution

${y}^{3}$ and $4{y}^{3}$ are like terms because both have ${y}^{3};$ the variable and the exponent match.

$7{x}^{2}$ and $5{x}^{2}$ are like terms because both have ${x}^{2};$ the variable and the exponent match.

14 and 23 are like terms because both are constants.

There is no other term like 9 x .

Identify the like terms: $9,$ $2{x}^{3},$ ${y}^{2},$ $8{x}^{3},$ $15,$ $9y,$ $11{y}^{2}.$

9 and 15, ${y}^{2}$ and $11{y}^{2},$ $2{x}^{3}$ and $8{x}^{3}$

Identify the like terms: $4{x}^{3},$ $8{x}^{2},$ 19, $3{x}^{2},$ 24, $6{x}^{3}.$

19 and 24, $8{x}^{2}$ and $3{x}^{2},$ $4{x}^{3}$ and $6{x}^{3}$

Adding or subtracting terms forms an expression. In the expression $2{x}^{2}+3x+8,$ from [link] , the three terms are $2{x}^{2},3x,$ and 8.

Identify the terms in each expression.

1. $9{x}^{2}+7x+12$
2. $8x+3y$

Solution

The terms of $9{x}^{2}+7x+12$ are $9{x}^{2},$ 7 x , and 12.

The terms of $8x+3y$ are 8 x and 3 y .

Identify the terms in the expression $4{x}^{2}+5x+17.$

$4{x}^{2},5x,17$

Identify the terms in the expression $5x+2y.$

5 x , 2 y

If there are like terms in an expression, you can simplify the expression by combining the like terms. What do you think $4x+7x+x$ would simplify to? If you thought 12 x , you would be right!

$\begin{array}{c}\hfill 4x+7x+x\hfill \\ \hfill x+x+x+x\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}+x+x+x+x+x+x+x\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}+x\hfill \\ \hfill 12x\hfill \end{array}$

Add the coefficients and keep the same variable. It doesn’t matter what x is—if you have 4 of something and add 7 more of the same thing and then add 1 more, the result is 12 of them. For example, 4 oranges plus 7 oranges plus 1 orange is 12 oranges. We will discuss the mathematical properties behind this later.

Simplify: $4x+7x+x.$

How to combine like terms

Simplify: $2{x}^{2}+3x+7+{x}^{2}+4x+5.$

Solution

Simplify: $3{x}^{2}+7x+9+7{x}^{2}+9x+8.$

$10{x}^{2}+16x+17$

Simplify: $4{y}^{2}+5y+2+8{y}^{2}+4y+5.$

$12{y}^{2}+9y+7$

Combine like terms.

1. Identify like terms.
2. Rearrange the expression so like terms are together.
3. Add or subtract the coefficients and keep the same variable for each group of like terms.

In 10 years, the population of Detroit fell from 950,000 to about 712,500. Find the percent decrease.
how do i set this up
Jenise
25%
Melissa
25 percent
Muzamil
950,000 - 712,500 = 237,500. 237,500 / 950,000 = .25 = 25%
Melissa
I've tried several times it won't let me post the breakdown of how you get 25%.
Melissa
Subtract one from the other to get the difference. Then take that difference and divided by 950000 and you will get .25 aka 25%
Melissa
Finally 👍
Melissa
one way is to set as ratio: 100%/950000 = x% / 712500, which yields that 712500 is 75% of the initial 950000. therefore, the decrease is 25%.
bruce
twenty five percent...
Jeorge
thanks melissa
Jeorge
950000-713500 *100 and then divide by 950000 = 25
Muzamil
Jeannette has $5 and$10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
6t+3
Melissa
6t +3
Bollywood
Tricia got a 6% raise on her weekly salary. The raise was $30 per week. What was her original salary? Iris Reply let us suppose her original salary is 'm'. so, according to the given condition, m*(6/100)=30 m= (30*100)/6 m= 500 hence, her original salary is$500.
Simply
28.50
Toi
thanks
Jeorge
How many pounds of nuts selling for $6 per pound and raisins selling for$3 per pound should Kurt combine to obtain 120 pounds of trail mix that cost him $5 per pound? Valeria Reply Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost$8 per square foot and decorator tiles that code $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overal cost of he backsplash will be$10 per square foot?
I need help with maths can someone help me plz.. is there a wats app group?
WY need
Fernando
How did you get $750? Laura Reply if y= 2x+sinx what is dy÷dx formon25 Reply does it teach you how to do algebra if you don't know how Kate Reply Liam borrowed a total of$35,000 to pay for college. He pays his parents 3% interest on the $8,000 he borrowed from them and pays the bank 6.8% on the rest. What average interest rate does he pay on the total$35,000? (Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent.)
exact definition of length by bilbao
the definition of length
literal meaning of length
francemichael
exact meaning of length
francemichael
exact meaning of length
francemichael
how many typos can we find...?
5
Joseph
In the LCM Prime Factors exercises, the LCM of 28 and 40 is 280. Not 420!
4x+7y=29,x+3y=11 substitute method of linear equation
substitute method of linear equation
Srinu
Solve one equation for one variable. Using the 2nd equation, x=11-3y. Substitute that for x in first equation. this will find y. then use the value for y to find the value for x.
bruce
I want to learn
Elizebeth
help
Elizebeth
I want to learn. Please teach me?
Wayne
1) Use any equation, and solve for any of the variables. Since the coefficient of x (the number in front of the x) in the second equation is 1 (it actually isn't shown, but 1 * x = x), use that equation. Subtract 3y from both sides (this isolates the x on the left side of the equal sign).
bruce
2) This results in x=11-3y. x is note in terms of y. Use that as the value of x and substitute for all x in the first equation. The first equation becomes 4(11-3y)+7y =29. Note that the only variable left in the first equation is the y. If you have multiple variable, then something is wrong.
bruce
3) Distribute (multiply) the 4 across 11-3y to get 44-12y. Add this to the 7y. So, the equation is now 44-5y=29.
bruce
4) Solve 44-5y=29 for y. Isolate the y by subtracting 44 from birth sides, resulting in -5y=-15. Now, divide birth sides by -5 (since you have -5y). This results in y=3. You now have the value of one variable.
bruce
5) The last step is to take the value of y from Step 4) and substitute into the 2nd equation. Therefore: x+3y=11 becomes x+3(3)=11. Then multiplying, x+9=11. Finally, solve for x by subtracting 9 from both sides. Therefore, x=2.
bruce
6) The ordered pair of (2, 3) is the proposed solution. To check, substitute those values into either equation. If the result is true, then the solution is correct. 4(2)+7(3)=8+21=29. TRUE! Finished.
bruce