<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Evaluate 3 x 2 + 4 x + 1 when x = 3 .

40

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Evaluate 6 x 2 4 x 7 when x = 2 .

9

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Indentify and combine like terms

Algebraic expressions are made up of terms. A term is a constant, or the product of a constant and one or more variables.

Term

A term    is a constant, or the product of a constant and one or more variables.

Examples of terms are 7 , y , 5 x 2 , 9 a , and b 5 .

The constant that multiplies the variable is called the coefficient .

Coefficient

The coefficient    of a term is the constant that multiplies the variable in a term.

Think of the coefficient as the number in front of the variable. The coefficient of the term 3 x is 3. When we write x , the coefficient is 1, since x = 1 · x .

Identify the coefficient of each term: 14 y 15 x 2 a .

Solution

The coefficient of 14 y is 14.

The coefficient of 15 x 2 is 15.

The coefficient of a is 1 since a = 1 a .

Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Identify the coefficient of each term: 17 x 41 b 2 z .

14 41 1

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Identify the coefficient of each term: 9 p 13 a 3 y 3 .

9 13 1

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Some terms share common traits. Look at the following 6 terms. Which ones seem to have traits in common?

5 x 7 n 2 4 3 x 9 n 2

The 7 and the 4 are both constant terms.

The 5x and the 3 x are both terms with x .

The n 2 and the 9 n 2 are both terms with n 2 .

When two terms are constants or have the same variable and exponent, we say they are like terms .

  • 7 and 4 are like terms.
  • 5 x and 3 x are like terms.
  • x 2 and 9 x 2 are like terms.

Like terms

Terms that are either constants or have the same variables raised to the same powers are called like terms    .

Identify the like terms: y 3 , 7 x 2 , 14, 23, 4 y 3 , 9 x , 5 x 2 .

Solution

y 3 and 4 y 3 are like terms because both have y 3 ; the variable and the exponent match.

7 x 2 and 5 x 2 are like terms because both have x 2 ; the variable and the exponent match.

14 and 23 are like terms because both are constants.

There is no other term like 9 x .

Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Identify the like terms: 9 , 2 x 3 , y 2 , 8 x 3 , 15 , 9 y , 11 y 2 .

9 and 15, y 2 and 11 y 2 , 2 x 3 and 8 x 3

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Identify the like terms: 4 x 3 , 8 x 2 , 19, 3 x 2 , 24, 6 x 3 .

19 and 24, 8 x 2 and 3 x 2 , 4 x 3 and 6 x 3

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Adding or subtracting terms forms an expression. In the expression 2 x 2 + 3 x + 8 , from [link] , the three terms are 2 x 2 , 3 x , and 8.

Identify the terms in each expression.

  1. 9 x 2 + 7 x + 12
  2. 8 x + 3 y

Solution

The terms of 9 x 2 + 7 x + 12 are 9 x 2 , 7 x , and 12.

The terms of 8 x + 3 y are 8 x and 3 y .

Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Identify the terms in the expression 4 x 2 + 5 x + 17 .

4 x 2 , 5 x , 17

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Identify the terms in the expression 5 x + 2 y .

5 x , 2 y

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

If there are like terms in an expression, you can simplify the expression by combining the like terms. What do you think 4 x + 7 x + x would simplify to? If you thought 12 x , you would be right!

4 x + 7 x + x x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x + x 12 x

Add the coefficients and keep the same variable. It doesn’t matter what x is—if you have 4 of something and add 7 more of the same thing and then add 1 more, the result is 12 of them. For example, 4 oranges plus 7 oranges plus 1 orange is 12 oranges. We will discuss the mathematical properties behind this later.

Simplify: 4 x + 7 x + x .

Add the coefficients. 12 x

How to combine like terms

Simplify: 2 x 2 + 3 x + 7 + x 2 + 4 x + 5 .

Solution

Three lines of instructions are listed in a column on the left side of the image while four algebraic expressions are listed on the right. The first line of instruction on the left says: “Step 1. Identify like terms.” Across from step 1 in the right column is the algebraic expression: 2x squared plus 3x plus 7 plus x squared plus 4x plus 5. One line down on the right, the same algebraic expression is repeated, except each of the terms appears in one of three colors to illustrate that these are like terms: 2x squared and x squared appear as red, illustrating that these are like terms; 3x and 4x appear as blue, illustrating that these are also like terms; 7 and 5 appear as green, illustrating that these are like terms as well. The second line of instruction on the left says: “Step 2. Rearrange the expression so the like terms are together. Across from step 2 in the right column is the original algebraic expression with terms reordered so that like terms appear side by side: 2x squared plus x2, both written in red, plus 3x plus 4x, both written n blue, plus 7 plus 5, both written in green. The third line of instruction on the left says: “Step 3. Combine like terms.” Across from step 3 in the right column is the algebraic expression with like terms combined: 3x squared in red, plus 7x in blue, plus 12 in green.
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Simplify: 3 x 2 + 7 x + 9 + 7 x 2 + 9 x + 8 .

10 x 2 + 16 x + 17

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Simplify: 4 y 2 + 5 y + 2 + 8 y 2 + 4 y + 5 .

12 y 2 + 9 y + 7

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Combine like terms.

  1. Identify like terms.
  2. Rearrange the expression so like terms are together.
  3. Add or subtract the coefficients and keep the same variable for each group of like terms.

Questions & Answers

A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet
Mikaela Reply
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Sam Reply
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Mckenzie Reply
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Reiley Reply
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
hamzzi Reply
90 minutes
muhammad
Melody wants to sell bags of mixed candy at her lemonade stand. She will mix chocolate pieces that cost $4.89 per bag with peanut butter pieces that cost $3.79 per bag to get a total of twenty-five bags of mixed candy. Melody wants the bags of mixed candy to cost her $4.23 a bag to make. How many bags of chocolate pieces and how many bags of peanut butter pieces should she use?
Jake Reply
enrique borrowed $23,500 to buy a car he pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. what average interest rate does he pay on the total $23,500
Nakiya Reply
13.5
Pervaiz
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be $10 per square foot?
Bridget Reply
The equation P=28+2.54w models the relation between the amount of Randy’s monthly water bill payment, P, in dollars, and the number of units of water, w, used. Find the payment for a month when Randy used 15 units of water.
Bridget
help me understand graphs
Marlene Reply
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
I just responded.
Melissa
Thank you
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
WENDY Reply
State the question clearly please
Rich
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
August Reply
convert to decimal 9/11
August
0.81818
Rich
5/100 = .05 but Rich is right that 9/11 = .81818
Melissa
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
Jose Reply
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August
definition of quadratic formula
Ahmed Reply
From Google: The quadratic formula, , is used in algebra to solve quadratic equations (polynomial equations of the second degree). The general form of a quadratic equation is , where x represents a variable, and a, b, and c are constants, with . A quadratic equation has two solutions, called roots.
Melissa
what is the answer of w-2.6=7.55
What Reply
10.15
Michael
w = 10.15 You add 2.6 to both sides and then solve for w (-2.6 zeros out on the left and leaves you with w= 7.55 + 2.6)
Korin
Nataly is considering two job offers. The first job would pay her $83,000 per year. The second would pay her $66,500 plus 15% of her total sales. What would her total sales need to be for her salary on the second offer be higher than the first?
Mckenzie Reply
x > $110,000
bruce
greater than $110,000
Michael

Get the best Elementary algebra course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Elementary algebra' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask