# 7.1 Greatest common factor and factor by grouping  (Page 3/5)

 Page 3 / 5

Factor: $-16z-64$ .

$-8\left(8z+8\right)$

Factor: $-9y-27$ .

$-9\left(y+3\right)$

Factor: $-6{a}^{2}+36a$ .

## Solution

The leading coefficient is negative, so the GCF will be negative.?

 Since the leading coefficient is negative, the GCF is negative, −6 a . Rewrite each term using the GCF. Factor the GCF. Check. $-6a\left(a-6\right)$ $-6a\cdot a+\left(-6a\right)\left(-6\right)$ $-6{a}^{2}+36a✓$

Factor: $-4{b}^{2}+16b$ .

$-4b\left(b-4\right)$

Factor: $-7{a}^{2}+21a$ .

$-7a\left(a-3\right)$

Factor: $5q\left(q+7\right)-6\left(q+7\right)$ .

## Solution

The GCF is the binomial $q+7$ .

 Factor the GCF, ( q + 7). Check on your own by multiplying.

Factor: $4m\left(m+3\right)-7\left(m+3\right)$ .

$\left(m+3\right)\left(4m-7\right)$

Factor: $8n\left(n-4\right)+5\left(n-4\right)$ .

$\left(n-4\right)\left(8n+5\right)$

## Factor by grouping

When there is no common factor of all the terms of a polynomial, look for a common factor in just some of the terms. When there are four terms, a good way to start is by separating the polynomial into two parts with two terms in each part. Then look for the GCF in each part. If the polynomial can be factored, you will find a common factor emerges from both parts.

(Not all polynomials can be factored. Just like some numbers are prime, some polynomials are prime.)

## How to factor by grouping

Factor: $xy+3y+2x+6$ .

## Solution

Factor: $xy+8y+3x+24$ .

$\left(x+8\right)\left(y+3\right)$

Factor: $ab+7b+8a+56$ .

$\left(a+7\right)\left(b+8\right)$

## Factor by grouping.

1. Group terms with common factors.
2. Factor out the common factor in each group.
3. Factor the common factor from the expression.
4. Check by multiplying the factors.

Factor: ${x}^{2}+3x-2x-6$ .

## Solution

$\begin{array}{cccc}\text{There is no GCF in all four terms.}\hfill & & & \hfill \phantom{\rule{4em}{0ex}}{x}^{2}+3x\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}-2x-6\hfill \\ \text{Separate into two parts.}\hfill & & & \hfill \phantom{\rule{4em}{0ex}}\underset{⎵}{{x}^{2}+3x}\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}\underset{⎵}{-2x-6}\hfill \\ \\ \\ \begin{array}{c}\text{Factor the GCF from both parts. Be careful}\hfill \\ \text{with the signs when factoring the GCF from}\hfill \\ \text{the last two terms.}\hfill \end{array}\hfill & & & \hfill \phantom{\rule{4em}{0ex}}\begin{array}{c}\hfill x\left(x+3\right)-2\left(x+3\right)\hfill \\ \hfill \left(x+3\right)\left(x-2\right)\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \\ \\ \text{Check on your own by multiplying.}\hfill & & & \end{array}$

Factor: ${x}^{2}+2x-5x-10$ .

$\left(x-5\right)\left(x+2\right)$

Factor: ${y}^{2}+4y-7y-28$ .

$\left(y+4\right)\left(y-7\right)$

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with greatest common factors (GFCs) and factoring by grouping.

## Key concepts

• Finding the Greatest Common Factor (GCF): To find the GCF of two expressions:
1. Factor each coefficient into primes. Write all variables with exponents in expanded form.
2. List all factors—matching common factors in a column. In each column, circle the common factors.
3. Bring down the common factors that all expressions share.
4. Multiply the factors as in [link] .
• Factor the Greatest Common Factor from a Polynomial: To factor a greatest common factor from a polynomial:
1. Find the GCF of all the terms of the polynomial.
2. Rewrite each term as a product using the GCF.
3. Use the ‘reverse’ Distributive Property to factor the expression.
4. Check by multiplying the factors as in [link] .
• Factor by Grouping: To factor a polynomial with 4 four or more terms
1. Group terms with common factors.
2. Factor out the common factor in each group.
3. Factor the common factor from the expression.
4. Check by multiplying the factors as in [link] .

## Practice makes perfect

Find the Greatest Common Factor of Two or More Expressions

In the following exercises, find the greatest common factor.

8, 18

2

24, 40

72, 162

18

150, 275

10 a , 50

10

5 b , 30

$3x,10{x}^{2}$

$x$

$21{b}^{2},14b$

$8{w}^{2},24{w}^{3}$

$8{w}^{2}$

$30{x}^{2},18{x}^{3}$

$10{p}^{3}q,12p{q}^{2}$

$2pq$

$8{a}^{2}{b}^{3},10a{b}^{2}$

$12{m}^{2}{n}^{3},30{m}^{5}{n}^{3}$

$6{m}^{2}{n}^{3}$

$28{x}^{2}{y}^{4},42{x}^{4}{y}^{4}$

$10{a}^{3},12{a}^{2},14a$

$2a$

$20{y}^{3},28{y}^{2},40y$

$35{x}^{3},10{x}^{4},5{x}^{5}$

$5{x}^{3}$

$27{p}^{2},45{p}^{3},9{p}^{4}$

Factor the Greatest Common Factor from a Polynomial

In the following exercises, factor the greatest common factor from each polynomial.

$4x+20$

$4\left(x+5\right)$

$8y+16$

$6m+9$

$3\left(2m+3\right)$

$14p+35$

$9q+9$

$9\left(q+1\right)$

$7r+7$

$8m-8$

$8\left(m-1\right)$

$4n-4$

$9n-63$

$9\left(n-7\right)$

$45b-18$

$3{x}^{2}+6x-9$

$3\left({x}^{2}+2x-3\right)$

$4{y}^{2}+8y-4$

$8{p}^{2}+4p+2$

$2\left(4{p}^{2}+2p+1\right)$

$10{q}^{2}+14q+20$

$8{y}^{3}+16{y}^{2}$

$8{y}^{2}\left(y+2\right)$

$12{x}^{3}-10x$

$5{x}^{3}-15{x}^{2}+20x$

$5x\left({x}^{2}-3x+4\right)$

$8{m}^{2}-40m+16$

$12x{y}^{2}+18{x}^{2}{y}^{2}-30{y}^{3}$

$6{y}^{2}\left(2x+3{x}^{2}-5y\right)$

$21p{q}^{2}+35{p}^{2}{q}^{2}-28{q}^{3}$

$-2x-4$

$-2\left(x+4\right)$

$-3b+12$

$5x\left(x+1\right)+3\left(x+1\right)$

$\left(x+1\right)\left(5x+3\right)$

$2x\left(x-1\right)+9\left(x-1\right)$

$3b\left(b-2\right)-13\left(b-2\right)$

$\left(b-2\right)\left(3b-13\right)$

$6m\left(m-5\right)-7\left(m-5\right)$

Factor by Grouping

In the following exercises, factor by grouping.

$xy+2y+3x+6$

$\left(y+3\right)\left(x+2\right)$

$mn+4n+6m+24$

$uv-9u+2v-18$

$\left(u+2\right)\left(v-9\right)$

$pq-10p+8q-80$

${b}^{2}+5b-4b-20$

$\left(b-4\right)\left(b+5\right)$

${m}^{2}+6m-12m-72$

${p}^{2}+4p-9p-36$

$\left(p-9\right)\left(p+4\right)$

${x}^{2}+5x-3x-15$

Mixed Practice

In the following exercises, factor.

$-20x-10$

$-10\left(2x+1\right)$

$5{x}^{3}-{x}^{2}+x$

$3{x}^{3}-7{x}^{2}+6x-14$

$\left({x}^{2}+2\right)\left(3x-7\right)$

${x}^{3}+{x}^{2}-x-1$

${x}^{2}+xy+5x+5y$

$\left(x+y\right)\left(x+5\right)$

$5{x}^{3}-3{x}^{2}-5x-3$

## Everyday math

Area of a rectangle The area of a rectangle with length 6 less than the width is given by the expression ${w}^{2}-6w$ , where $w=$ width. Factor the greatest common factor from the polynomial.

$w\left(w-6\right)$

Height of a baseball The height of a baseball t seconds after it is hit is given by the expression $-16{t}^{2}+80t+4$ . Factor the greatest common factor from the polynomial.

## Writing exercises

The greatest common factor of 36 and 60 is 12. Explain what this means.

What is the GCF of ${y}^{4},{y}^{5},\text{and}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{y}^{10}$ ? Write a general rule that tells you how to find the GCF of ${y}^{a},{y}^{b},\text{and}{y}^{c}$ .

## Self check

After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

If most of your checks were:

…confidently. Congratulations! You have achieved your goals in this section! Reflect on the study skills you used so that you can continue to use them. What did you do to become confident of your ability to do these things? Be specific!

…with some help. This must be addressed quickly as topics you do not master become potholes in your road to success. Math is sequential—every topic builds upon previous work. It is important to make sure you have a strong foundation before you move on. Who can you ask for help? Your fellow classmates and instructor are good resources. Is there a place on campus where math tutors are available? Can your study skills be improved?

…no - I don’t get it! This is critical and you must not ignore it. You need to get help immediately or you will quickly be overwhelmed. See your instructor as soon as possible to discuss your situation. Together you can come up with a plan to get you the help you need.

4x+7y=29,x+3y=11 substitute method of linear equation
substitute method of linear equation
Srinu
Solve one equation for one variable. Using the 2nd equation, x=11-3y. Substitute that for x in first equation. this will find y. then use the value for y to find the value for x.
bruce
I want to learn
Elizebeth
help
Elizebeth
I want to learn. Please teach me?
Wayne
1) Use any equation, and solve for any of the variables. Since the coefficient of x (the number in front of the x) in the second equation is 1 (it actually isn't shown, but 1 * x = x), use that equation. Subtract 3y from both sides (this isolates the x on the left side of the equal sign).
bruce
2) This results in x=11-3y. x is note in terms of y. Use that as the value of x and substitute for all x in the first equation. The first equation becomes 4(11-3y)+7y =29. Note that the only variable left in the first equation is the y. If you have multiple variable, then something is wrong.
bruce
3) Distribute (multiply) the 4 across 11-3y to get 44-12y. Add this to the 7y. So, the equation is now 44-5y=29.
bruce
4) Solve 44-5y=29 for y. Isolate the y by subtracting 44 from birth sides, resulting in -5y=-15. Now, divide birth sides by -5 (since you have -5y). This results in y=3. You now have the value of one variable.
bruce
5) The last step is to take the value of y from Step 4) and substitute into the 2nd equation. Therefore: x+3y=11 becomes x+3(3)=11. Then multiplying, x+9=11. Finally, solve for x by subtracting 9 from both sides. Therefore, x=2.
bruce
6) The ordered pair of (2, 3) is the proposed solution. To check, substitute those values into either equation. If the result is true, then the solution is correct. 4(2)+7(3)=8+21=29. TRUE! Finished.
bruce
At 1:30 Marlon left his house to go to the beach, a distance of 5.625 miles. He rose his skateboard until 2:15, and then walked the rest of the way. He arrived at the beach at 3:00. Marlon's speed on his skateboard is 1.5 times his walking speed. Find his speed when skateboarding and when walking.
divide 3x⁴-4x³-3x-1 by x-3
how to multiply the monomial
Two sisters like to compete on their bike rides. Tamara can go 4 mph faster than her sister, Samantha. If it takes Samantha 1 hours longer than Tamara to go 80 miles, how fast can Samantha ride her bike? Got questions? Get instant answers now!
how do u solve that question
Seera
Two sisters like to compete on their bike rides. Tamara can go 4 mph faster than her sister, Samantha. If it takes Samantha 1 hours longer than Tamara to go 80 miles, how fast can Samantha ride her bike?
Seera
Speed=distance ÷ time
Tremayne
x-3y =1; 3x-2y+4=0 graph
Brandon has a cup of quarters and dimes with a total of 5.55\$. The number of quarters is five less than three times the number of dimes
app is wrong how can 350 be divisible by 3.
June needs 48 gallons of punch for a party and has two different coolers to carry it in. The bigger cooler is five times as large as the smaller cooler. How many gallons can each cooler hold?
Susanna if the first cooler holds five times the gallons then the other cooler. The big cooler holda 40 gallons and the 2nd will hold 8 gallons is that correct?
Georgie
@Susanna that person is correct if you divide 40 by 8 you can see it's 5 it's simple
Ashley
@Geogie my bad that was meant for u
Ashley
Hi everyone, I'm glad to be connected with you all. from France.
I'm getting "math processing error" on math problems. Anyone know why?
Can you all help me I don't get any of this
4^×=9
Did anyone else have trouble getting in quiz link for linear inequalities?
operation of trinomial