# 5.3 Solve systems of equations by elimination  (Page 4/6)

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The sum of two numbers is 39. Their difference is 9. Find the numbers.

## Solution

$\begin{array}{ccc}\mathbf{\text{Step 1. Read}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the problem}\hfill & & \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 2. Identify}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{what we are looking for.}\hfill & & \hfill \text{We are looking for two numbers.}\hfill \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 3. Name}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{what we are looking for.}\hfill & & \begin{array}{c}\hfill \text{Let}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}n=\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the first number.}\hfill \\ \hfill \phantom{\rule{2.3em}{0ex}}m=\text{the second number}\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{c}\mathbf{\text{Step 4. Translate}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{into a system of equations.}\hfill \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \end{array}\hfill & & \hfill \begin{array}{}\\ \text{The sum of two numbers is 39.}\hfill \\ \hfill \phantom{\rule{0.3em}{0ex}}n+m=39\hfill \\ \hfill \text{Their difference is 9.}\hfill \\ \hfill n-m=9\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \text{The system is:}\hfill & & \hfill \left\{\begin{array}{c}n+m=39\hfill \\ n-m=9\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{c}\mathbf{\text{Step 5. Solve}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the system of equations.}\hfill \\ \text{To solve the system of equations, use}\hfill \\ \text{elimination. The equations are in standard}\hfill \\ \text{form and the coefficients of}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}m\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{are}\hfill \\ \text{opposites. Add.}\hfill \\ \\ \text{Solve for}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}n.\hfill \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \end{array}\hfill & & \hfill \begin{array}{c}\hfill \underset{\text{____________}}{\left\{\begin{array}{c}n+m=39\hfill \\ n-m=9\hfill \end{array}}\hfill \\ \hfill 2n\phantom{\rule{1.8em}{0ex}}=48\hfill \\ \\ \hfill \phantom{\rule{2.21em}{0ex}}n=24\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \begin{array}{c}\text{Substitute}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}n=24\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{into one of the original}\hfill \\ \text{equations and solve for}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}m.\hfill \end{array}\hfill & & \hfill \begin{array}{c}\hfill \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\begin{array}{c}\hfill n+m=39\\ \hfill 24+m=39\\ \hfill m=15\end{array}\hfill \end{array}\hfill \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 6. Check}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the answer.}\hfill & & \phantom{\rule{1.55em}{0ex}}\text{Since}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}24+15=39\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{and}\hfill \\ & & \hfill 24-15=9,\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the answers check.}\hfill \\ \mathbf{\text{Step 7. Answer}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{the question.}\hfill & & \hfill \text{The numbers are 24 and 15.}\hfill \end{array}$

The sum of two numbers is 42. Their difference is 8. Find the numbers.

The numbers are 25 and 17.

The sum of two numbers is −15. Their difference is −35. Find the numbers.

The numbers are −25 and 10.

Joe stops at a burger restaurant every day on his way to work. Monday he had one order of medium fries and two small sodas, which had a total of 620 calories. Tuesday he had two orders of medium fries and one small soda, for a total of 820 calories. How many calories are there in one order of medium fries? How many calories in one small soda?

## Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what we are looking for. We are looking for the number of calories in one order of medium fries and in one small soda. Step 3. Name what we are looking for. Let f = the number of calories in 1 order of medium fries.     s = the number of calories in 1 small soda. Step 4. Translate into a system of equations: one medium fries and two small sodas had a total of 620 calories two medium fries and one small soda had a total of 820 calories. Our system is: Step 5. Solve the system of equations. To solve the system of equations, use elimination. The equations are in standard form. To get opposite coefficients of f , multiply the top equation by −2. Simplify and add. Solve for s . Substitute s = 140 into one of the original equations and then solve for f . Step 6. Check the answer. Verify that these numbers make sense in the problem and that they are solutions to both equations. We leave this to you! Step 7. Answer the question. The small soda has 140 calories and the fries have 340 calories.

Malik stops at the grocery store to buy a bag of diapers and 2 cans of formula. He spends a total of $37. The next week he stops and buys 2 bags of diapers and 5 cans of formula for a total of$87. How much does a bag of diapers cost? How much is one can of formula?

The bag of diapers costs $11 and the can of formula costs$13.

To get her daily intake of fruit for the day, Sasha eats a banana and 8 strawberries on Wednesday for a calorie count of 145. On the following Wednesday, she eats two bananas and 5 strawberries for a total of 235 calories for the fruit. How many calories are there in a banana? How many calories are in a strawberry?

There are 105 calories in a banana and 5 calories in a strawberry.

a=# of 10's. b=# of 20's; a+b=54; 10a + 20b=$910; a=54 -b; 10(54-b) + 20b=$910; 540-10b+20b=$910; 540+10b=$910; 10b=910-540; 10b=370; b=37; so there are 37 20's and since a+b=54, a+37=54; a=54-37=17; a=17, so 17 10's. So lets check. $740+$170=$910. David Reply . A cashier has 54 bills, all of which are$10 or $20 bills. The total value of the money is$910. How many of each type of bill does the cashier have?
whats the coefficient of 17x
the solution says it 14 but how i thought it would be 17 im i right or wrong is the exercise wrong
Dwayne
17
Melissa
wow the exercise told me 17x solution is 14x lmao
Dwayne
thank you
Dwayne
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet
Washing his dad’s car alone, eight-year-old Levi takes 2.5 hours. If his dad helps him, then it takes 1 hour. How long does it take the Levi’s dad to wash the car by himself?
Ethan and Leo start riding their bikes at the opposite ends of a 65-mile bike path. After Ethan has ridden 1.5 hours and Leo has ridden 2 hours, they meet on the path. Ethan’s speed is 6 miles per hour faster than Leo’s speed. Find the speed of the two bikers.
Nathan walked on an asphalt pathway for 12 miles. He walked the 12 miles back to his car on a gravel road through the forest. On the asphalt he walked 2 miles per hour faster than on the gravel. The walk on the gravel took one hour longer than the walk on the asphalt. How fast did he walk on the gravel?
Mckenzie
Nancy took a 3 hour drive. She went 50 miles before she got caught in a storm. Then she drove 68 miles at 9 mph less than she had driven when the weather was good. What was her speed driving in the storm?
Mr Hernaez runs his car at a regular speed of 50 kph and Mr Ranola at 36 kph. They started at the same place at 5:30 am and took opposite directions. At what time were they 129 km apart?
90 minutes
Melody wants to sell bags of mixed candy at her lemonade stand. She will mix chocolate pieces that cost $4.89 per bag with peanut butter pieces that cost$3.79 per bag to get a total of twenty-five bags of mixed candy. Melody wants the bags of mixed candy to cost her $4.23 a bag to make. How many bags of chocolate pieces and how many bags of peanut butter pieces should she use? Jake Reply enrique borrowed$23,500 to buy a car he pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. what average interest rate does he pay on the total$23,500
13.5
Pervaiz
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost$20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be \$10 per square foot?
The equation P=28+2.54w models the relation between the amount of Randy’s monthly water bill payment, P, in dollars, and the number of units of water, w, used. Find the payment for a month when Randy used 15 units of water.
Bridget
help me understand graphs
what kind of graphs?
bruce
function f(x) to find each value
Marlene
I am in algebra 1. Can anyone give me any ideas to help me learn this stuff. Teacher and tutor not helping much.
Marlene
Given f(x)=2x+2, find f(2) so you replace the x with the 2, f(2)=2(2)+2, which is f(2)=6
Melissa
if they say find f(5) then the answer would be f(5)=12
Melissa
I need you to help me Melissa. Wish I can show you my homework
Marlene
How is f(1) =0 I am really confused
Marlene
what's the formula given? f(x)=?
Melissa
It shows a graph that I wish I could send photo of to you on here
Marlene
Which problem specifically?
Melissa
which problem?
Melissa
I don't know any to be honest. But whatever you can help me with for I can practice will help
Marlene
I got it. sorry, was out and about. I'll look at it now.
Melissa
Thank you. I appreciate it because my teacher assumes I know this. My teacher before him never went over this and several other things.
Marlene
I just responded.
Melissa
Thank you
Marlene
-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
Rich
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
convert to decimal 9/11
August
0.81818
Rich
5/100 = .05 but Rich is right that 9/11 = .81818
Melissa
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August