# 5.2 Solve systems of equations by substitution  (Page 4/5)

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The perimeter of a rectangle is 40. The length is 4 more than the width. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

The length is 12 and the width is 8.

The perimeter of a rectangle is 58. The length is 5 more than three times the width. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

The length is 23 and the width is 6.

For [link] we need to remember that the sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees and that a right triangle has one 90 degree angle.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is ten more than three times the measure of the other small angle. Find the measures of both angles.

## Solution

We will draw and label a figure.

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. We are looking for the measures of the angles. Step 3. Name what we are looking for. Let $a=$ the measure of the 1 st angle $\phantom{\rule{1.5em}{0ex}}b=$ the measure of the 2 nd angle Step 4. Translate into a system of equations. The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is ten more than three times the measure of the other small angle. The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180. The system is: Step 5. Solve the system of equations. We will use substitution since the first equation is solved for a . Substitute 3 b + 10 for a in the second equation. Solve for b . Substitute b = 20 into the first equation and then solve for a . Step 6. Check the answer in the problem. We will leave this to you! Step 7. Answer the question. The measures of the small angles are 20 and 70.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is 2 more than 3 times the measure of the other small angle. Find the measure of both angles.

The measure of the angles are 22 degrees and 68 degrees.

The measure of one of the small angles of a right triangle is 18 less than twice the measure of the other small angle. Find the measure of both angles.

The measure of the angles are 36 degrees and 54 degrees.

Heather has been offered two options for her salary as a trainer at the gym. Option A would pay her $25,000 plus$15 for each training session. Option B would pay her $10,000 +$40 for each training session. How many training sessions would make the salary options equal?

## Solution

 Step 1. Read the problem. Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. We are looking for the number of training sessions that would make the pay equal. Step 3. Name what we are looking for. Let $s=$ Heather’s salary. $\phantom{\rule{1.5em}{0ex}}n=$ the number of training sessions Step 4. Translate into a system of equations. Option A would pay her $25,000 plus$15 for each training session. Option B would pay her $10,000 +$40 for each training session The system is: Step 5. Solve the system of equations. We will use substitution. Substitute 25,000 + 15 n for s in the second equation. Solve for n . Step 6. Check the answer. Are 600 training sessions a year reasonable? Are the two options equal when n = 600? Step 7. Answer the question. The salary options would be equal for 600 training sessions.

Geraldine has been offered positions by two insurance companies. The first company pays a salary of $12,000 plus a commission of$100 for each policy sold. The second pays a salary of $20,000 plus a commission of$50 for each policy sold. How many policies would need to be sold to make the total pay the same?

There would need to be 160 policies sold to make the total pay the same.

In 10 years, the population of Detroit fell from 950,000 to about 712,500. Find the percent decrease.
how do i set this up
Jenise
25%
Melissa
25 percent
Muzamil
950,000 - 712,500 = 237,500. 237,500 / 950,000 = .25 = 25%
Melissa
I've tried several times it won't let me post the breakdown of how you get 25%.
Melissa
Subtract one from the other to get the difference. Then take that difference and divided by 950000 and you will get .25 aka 25%
Melissa
Finally 👍
Melissa
one way is to set as ratio: 100%/950000 = x% / 712500, which yields that 712500 is 75% of the initial 950000. therefore, the decrease is 25%.
bruce
twenty five percent...
Jeorge
thanks melissa
Jeorge
950000-713500 *100 and then divide by 950000 = 25
Muzamil
Jeannette has $5 and$10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
6t+3
Melissa
6t +3
Bollywood
Tricia got a 6% raise on her weekly salary. The raise was $30 per week. What was her original salary? Iris Reply let us suppose her original salary is 'm'. so, according to the given condition, m*(6/100)=30 m= (30*100)/6 m= 500 hence, her original salary is$500.
Simply
28.50
Toi
thanks
Jeorge
How many pounds of nuts selling for $6 per pound and raisins selling for$3 per pound should Kurt combine to obtain 120 pounds of trail mix that cost him $5 per pound? Valeria Reply Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost$8 per square foot and decorator tiles that code $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overal cost of he backsplash will be$10 per square foot?
I need help with maths can someone help me plz.. is there a wats app group?
WY need
Fernando
How did you get $750? Laura Reply if y= 2x+sinx what is dy÷dx formon25 Reply does it teach you how to do algebra if you don't know how Kate Reply Liam borrowed a total of$35,000 to pay for college. He pays his parents 3% interest on the $8,000 he borrowed from them and pays the bank 6.8% on the rest. What average interest rate does he pay on the total$35,000? (Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent.)
exact definition of length by bilbao
the definition of length
literal meaning of length
francemichael
exact meaning of length
francemichael
exact meaning of length
francemichael
how many typos can we find...?
5
Joseph
In the LCM Prime Factors exercises, the LCM of 28 and 40 is 280. Not 420!
4x+7y=29,x+3y=11 substitute method of linear equation
substitute method of linear equation
Srinu
Solve one equation for one variable. Using the 2nd equation, x=11-3y. Substitute that for x in first equation. this will find y. then use the value for y to find the value for x.
bruce
I want to learn
Elizebeth
help
Elizebeth
I want to learn. Please teach me?
Wayne
1) Use any equation, and solve for any of the variables. Since the coefficient of x (the number in front of the x) in the second equation is 1 (it actually isn't shown, but 1 * x = x), use that equation. Subtract 3y from both sides (this isolates the x on the left side of the equal sign).
bruce
2) This results in x=11-3y. x is note in terms of y. Use that as the value of x and substitute for all x in the first equation. The first equation becomes 4(11-3y)+7y =29. Note that the only variable left in the first equation is the y. If you have multiple variable, then something is wrong.
bruce
3) Distribute (multiply) the 4 across 11-3y to get 44-12y. Add this to the 7y. So, the equation is now 44-5y=29.
bruce
4) Solve 44-5y=29 for y. Isolate the y by subtracting 44 from birth sides, resulting in -5y=-15. Now, divide birth sides by -5 (since you have -5y). This results in y=3. You now have the value of one variable.
bruce
5) The last step is to take the value of y from Step 4) and substitute into the 2nd equation. Therefore: x+3y=11 becomes x+3(3)=11. Then multiplying, x+9=11. Finally, solve for x by subtracting 9 from both sides. Therefore, x=2.
bruce
6) The ordered pair of (2, 3) is the proposed solution. To check, substitute those values into either equation. If the result is true, then the solution is correct. 4(2)+7(3)=8+21=29. TRUE! Finished.
bruce