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f ( x ) = −2 ( x + 3 ) 2 6

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f ( x ) = x 2 + 6 x + 4

Domain is ( , ) . Range is [ −5 , ) .

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f ( x ) = 2 x 2 4 x + 2

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k ( x ) = 3 x 2 6 x 9

Domain is ( , ) . Range is [ −12 , ) .

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For the following exercises, use the vertex ( h , k ) and a point on the graph ( x , y ) to find the general form of the equation of the quadratic function.

( h , k ) = ( 2 , 0 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 4 , 4 )

f ( x ) = x 2 4 x + 4

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( h , k ) = ( −2 , −1 ) , ( x , y ) = ( −4 , 3 )

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( h , k ) = ( 0 , 1 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 2 , 5 )

f ( x ) = x 2 + 1

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( h , k ) = ( 2 , 3 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 5 , 12 )

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( h , k ) = ( 5 , 3 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 2 , 9 )

f ( x ) = 6 49 x 2 + 60 49 x + 297 49

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( h , k ) = ( 3 , 2 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 10 , 1 )

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( h , k ) = ( 0 , 1 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 1 , 0 )

f ( x ) = x 2 + 1

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( h , k ) = ( 1 , 0 ) , ( x , y ) = ( 0 , 1 )

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Graphical

For the following exercises, sketch a graph of the quadratic function and give the vertex, axis of symmetry, and intercepts.

f ( x ) = x 2 2 x

Graph of f(x) = x^2-2x

Vertex ( 1 ,   1 ) , Axis of symmetry is x = 1. Intercepts are ( 0 , 0 ) ,   ( 2 , 0 ) .

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f ( x ) = x 2 6 x 1

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f ( x ) = x 2 5 x 6

Graph of f(x)x^2-5x-6

Vertex ( 5 2 , 49 4 ) , Axis of symmetry is ( 0 , 6 ) , ( 1 , 0 ) , ( 6 , 0 ) .

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f ( x ) = x 2 7 x + 3

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f ( x ) = −2 x 2 + 5 x 8

Graph of f(x)=-2x^2+5x-8

Vertex ( 5 4 ,   39 8 ) , Axis of symmetry is x = 5 4 . Intercepts are ( 0 ,   8 ) .

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f ( x ) = 4 x 2 12 x 3

Graph of f(x)=4x^2-12x-3
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For the following exercises, write the equation for the graphed quadratic function.

Graph of a positive parabola with a vertex at (2, -3) and y-intercept at (0, 1).

f ( x ) = x 2 4 x + 1

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Graph of a negative parabola with a vertex at (2, 7).

f ( x ) = −2 x 2 + 8 x 1

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Graph of a positive parabola with a vertex at (3, -1) and y-intercept at (0, 3.5).

f ( x ) = 1 2 x 2 3 x + 7 2

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Numeric

For the following exercises, use the table of values that represent points on the graph of a quadratic function. By determining the vertex and axis of symmetry, find the general form of the equation of the quadratic function.

x –2 –1 0 1 2
y 5 2 1 2 5

f ( x ) = x 2 + 1

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x –2 –1 0 1 2
y 1 0 1 4 9
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x –2 –1 0 1 2
y –2 1 2 1 –2

f ( x ) = 2 x 2

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x –2 –1 0 1 2
y –8 –3 0 1 0
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x –2 –1 0 1 2
y 8 2 0 2 8

f ( x ) = 2 x 2

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Technology

For the following exercises, use a calculator to find the answer.

Graph on the same set of axes the functions f ( x ) = x 2 , f ( x ) = 2 x 2 ,  and  f ( x ) = 1 3 x 2 .

What appears to be the effect of changing the coefficient?

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Graph on the same set of axes f ( x ) = x 2 , f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 and f ( x ) = x 2 , f ( x ) = x 2 + 5 and f ( x ) = x 2 3. What appears to be the effect of adding a constant?

The graph is shifted up or down (a vertical shift).

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Graph on the same set of axes f ( x ) = x 2 , f ( x ) = ( x 2 ) 2 , f ( x 3 ) 2 ,  and  f ( x ) = ( x + 4 ) 2 .

What appears to be the effect of adding or subtracting those numbers?

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The path of an object projected at a 45 degree angle with initial velocity of 80 feet per second is given by the function h ( x ) = 32 ( 80 ) 2 x 2 + x where x is the horizontal distance traveled and h ( x ) is the height in feet. Use the TRACE feature of your calculator to determine the height of the object when it has traveled 100 feet away horizontally.

50 feet

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A suspension bridge can be modeled by the quadratic function h ( x ) = .0001 x 2 with −2000 x 2000 where | x | is the number of feet from the center and h ( x ) is height in feet. Use the TRACE feature of your calculator to estimate how far from the center does the bridge have a height of 100 feet.

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Extensions

For the following exercises, use the vertex of the graph of the quadratic function and the direction the graph opens to find the domain and range of the function.

Vertex ( 1 , −2 ) , opens up.

Domain is ( , ) . Range is [ −2 , ) .

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Vertex ( −1 , 2 ) opens down.

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Vertex ( −5 , 11 ) , opens down.

Domain is ( , ) Range is ( , 11 ] .

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Vertex ( −100 , 100 ) , opens up.

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For the following exercises, write the equation of the quadratic function that contains the given point and has the same shape as the given function.

Contains ( 1 , 1 ) and has shape of f ( x ) = 2 x 2 . Vertex is on the y - axis.

f ( x ) = 2 x 2 1

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Contains ( −1 , 4 ) and has the shape of f ( x ) = 2 x 2 . Vertex is on the y - axis.

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Contains ( 2 , 3 ) and has the shape of f ( x ) = 3 x 2 . Vertex is on the y - axis.

f ( x ) = 3 x 2 9

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Contains ( 1 , −3 ) and has the shape of f ( x ) = x 2 . Vertex is on the y - axis.

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Contains ( 4 , 3 ) and has the shape of f ( x ) = 5 x 2 . Vertex is on the y - axis.

f ( x ) = 5 x 2 77

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Contains ( 1 , −6 ) has the shape of f ( x ) = 3 x 2 . Vertex has x-coordinate of −1.

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Real-world applications

Find the dimensions of the rectangular corral producing the greatest enclosed area given 200 feet of fencing.

50 feet by 50 feet. Maximize f ( x ) = x 2 + 100 x .

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Find the dimensions of the rectangular corral split into 2 pens of the same size producing the greatest possible enclosed area given 300 feet of fencing.

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Find the dimensions of the rectangular corral producing the greatest enclosed area split into 3 pens of the same size given 500 feet of fencing.

125 feet by 62.5 feet. Maximize f ( x ) = −2 x 2 + 250 x .

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Among all of the pairs of numbers whose sum is 6, find the pair with the largest product. What is the product?

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Among all of the pairs of numbers whose difference is 12, find the pair with the smallest product. What is the product?

6 and −6 ; product is –36; maximize f ( x ) = x 2 + 12 x .

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Suppose that the price per unit in dollars of a cell phone production is modeled by p = $ 45 0.0125 x , where x is in thousands of phones produced, and the revenue represented by thousands of dollars is R = x p . Find the production level that will maximize revenue.

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A rocket is launched in the air. Its height, in meters above sea level, as a function of time, in seconds, is given by h ( t ) = −4.9 t 2 + 229 t + 234. Find the maximum height the rocket attains.

2909.56 meters

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A ball is thrown in the air from the top of a building. Its height, in meters above ground, as a function of time, in seconds, is given by h ( t ) = 4.9 t 2 + 24 t + 8. How long does it take to reach maximum height?

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A soccer stadium holds 62,000 spectators. With a ticket price of $11, the average attendance has been 26,000. When the price dropped to $9, the average attendance rose to 31,000. Assuming that attendance is linearly related to ticket price, what ticket price would maximize revenue?

$10.70

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A farmer finds that if she plants 75 trees per acre, each tree will yield 20 bushels of fruit. She estimates that for each additional tree planted per acre, the yield of each tree will decrease by 3 bushels. How many trees should she plant per acre to maximize her harvest?

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Questions & Answers

what is subgroup
Purshotam Reply
Prove that: (2cos&+1)(2cos&-1)(2cos2&-1)=2cos4&+1
Macmillan Reply
e power cos hyperbolic (x+iy)
Vinay Reply
10y
Michael
tan hyperbolic inverse (x+iy)=alpha +i bita
Payal Reply
prove that cos(π/6-a)*cos(π/3+b)-sin(π/6-a)*sin(π/3+b)=sin(a-b)
Tejas Reply
why {2kπ} union {kπ}={kπ}?
Huy Reply
why is {2kπ} union {kπ}={kπ}? when k belong to integer
Huy
if 9 sin theta + 40 cos theta = 41,prove that:41 cos theta = 41
Trilochan Reply
what is complex numbers
Ayushi Reply
give me treganamentry question
Anshuman Reply
Solve 2cos x + 3sin x = 0.5
shobana Reply
madras university algebra questions papers first year B. SC. maths
Kanniyappan Reply
Hey
Rightspect
hi
chesky
Give me algebra questions
Rightspect
how to send you
Vandna
What does this mean
Michael Reply
cos(x+iy)=cos alpha+isinalpha prove that: sin⁴x=sin²alpha
rajan Reply
cos(x+iy)=cos aplha+i sinalpha prove that: sinh⁴y=sin²alpha
rajan
cos(x+iy)=cos aplha+i sinalpha prove that: sinh⁴y=sin²alpha
rajan
is there any case that you can have a polynomials with a degree of four?
victor
***sscc.edu/home/jdavidso/math/catalog/polynomials/fourth/fourth.html
Oliver
can you solve it step b step
Ching Reply
give me some important question in tregnamentry
Anshuman
what is linear equation with one unknown 2x+5=3
Joan Reply
-4
Joel
x=-4
Joel
x=-1
Joan
I was wrong. I didn't move all constants to the right of the equation.
Joel
x=-1
Cristian
Adityasuman x= - 1
Aditya
y=x+1
gary
x=_1
Daulat
yas. x= -4
Deepak
x=-1
Deepak
2x=3-5 x=-2/2=-1
Rukmini
-1
Bobmorris
Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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