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Technology

For the following exercises, input the left-hand side of the inequality as a Y1 graph in your graphing utility. Enter y2 = the right-hand side. Entering the absolute value of an expression is found in the MATH menu, Num, 1:abs(. Find the points of intersection, recall (2 nd CALC 5:intersection, 1 st curve, enter, 2 nd curve, enter, guess, enter). Copy a sketch of the graph and shade the x -axis for your solution set to the inequality. Write final answers in interval notation.

1 2 | x + 2 | < 4

Where the blue is below the orange; always. All real numbers. ( , + ) .


A coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from -10 to 10.  The function y = -0.5|x + 2| and the line y = 4 are graphed on the same axes.  A line runs along the entire x-axis.

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| x 4 | < 3

Where the blue is below the orange; ( 1 , 7 ) .


A coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from -10 to 10.  The function y = |x  4| and the line y = 3 are graphed on the same axes.  Along the x-axis the points 1 and 7 have an open circle around them and a line connects the two.

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Extensions

Solve | 3 x + 1 | = | 2 x + 3 |

x = 2 , 4 5

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x 5 x + 7 0 , x −7

( −7 , 5 ]

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p = x 2 + 130 x 3000 is a profit formula for a small business. Find the set of x -values that will keep this profit positive.

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Real-world applications

In chemistry the volume for a certain gas is given by V = 20 T , where V is measured in cc and T is temperature in ºC. If the temperature varies between 80ºC and 120ºC, find the set of volume values.

80 T 120 1 , 600 20 T 2 , 400

[ 1 , 600 ,   2 , 400 ]

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A basic cellular package costs $20/mo. for 60 min of calling, with an additional charge of $.30/min beyond that time.. The cost formula would be C = $ 20 + .30 ( x 60 ) . If you have to keep your bill lower than $50, what is the maximum calling minutes you can use?

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Chapter review exercises

The Rectangular Coordinate Systems and Graphs

For the following exercises, find the x -intercept and the y -intercept without graphing.

4 x 3 y = 12

x -intercept: ( 3 , 0 ) ; y -intercept: ( 0 , −4 )

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For the following exercises, solve for y in terms of x , putting the equation in slope–intercept form.

5 x = 3 y 12

y = 5 3 x + 4

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For the following exercises, find the distance between the two points.

( −2 , 5 ) ( 4 , −1 )

72 = 6 2

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( −12 , −3 ) ( −1 , 5 )

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Find the distance between the two points ( −71,432 ) and (511,218) using your calculator, and round your answer to the nearest thousandth.

620.097

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For the following exercises, find the coordinates of the midpoint of the line segment that joins the two given points.

( −1 , 5 )  and  ( 4 , 6 )

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( −13 , 5 )  and  ( 17 , 18 )

midpoint is ( 2 , 23 2 )

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For the following exercises, construct a table and graph the equation by plotting at least three points.

4 x 3 y = 6

x y
0 −2
3 2
6 6


A coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from -10 to 10.  The points (0,-2); (3,2) and (6,6) are plotted and a line runs through all these points.

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Linear Equations in One Variable

For the following exercises, solve for x .

3 ( x + 2 ) 10 = x + 4

x = 4

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12 5 ( x + 1 ) = 2 x 5

x = 12 7

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2 x 3 3 4 = x 6 + 21 4

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For the following exercises, solve for x . State all x -values that are excluded from the solution set.

x x 2 9 + 4 x + 3 = 3 x 2 9 x 3 , −3

No solution

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the point-slope formula.

Passes through these two points: ( −2 , 1 ) , ( 4 , 2 ) .

y = 1 6 x + 4 3

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Passes through the point ( 3 , 4 ) and has a slope of 1 3 .

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Passes through the point ( 3 , 4 ) and is parallel to the graph y = 2 3 x + 5.

y = 2 3 x + 6

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Passes through these two points: ( 5 , 1 ) , ( 5 , 7 ) .

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Models and Applications

For the following exercises, write and solve an equation to answer each question.

The number of males in the classroom is five more than three times the number of females. If the total number of students is 73, how many of each gender are in the class?

females 17, males 56

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Questions & Answers

An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Shirleen Reply
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, College algebra. OpenStax CNX. Feb 06, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11759/1.3
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