<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
x y
4 44.8
5 43.1
6 38.8
7 39
8 38
9 32.7
10 30.1
11 29.3
12 27
13 25.8
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x 21 25 30 31 40 50
y 17 11 2 –1 –18 –40

y = 1 . 981 x + 6 0. 197; r = 0. 998

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x y
100 2000
80 1798
60 1589
55 1580
40 1390
20 1202
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x 900 988 1000 1010 1200 1205
y 70 80 82 84 105 108

y = 0. 121 x 38.841 , r = 0.998

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Extensions

Graph f ( x ) = 0.5 x + 10. Pick a set of five ordered pairs using inputs x = −2 , 1 , 5 , 6 , 9 and use linear regression to verify that the function is a good fit for the data.

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Graph f ( x ) = 2 x 10. Pick a set of five ordered pairs using inputs x = −2 , 1 , 5 , 6 , 9 and use linear regression to verify the function.

( −2 , −6 ) , ( 1 , −12 ) , ( 5 , −20 ) , ( 6 , −22 ) , ( 9 , −28 ) ; Yes, the function is a good fit.

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The profit of a company decreased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs shows dollars and the number of units sold in hundreds and the profit in thousands of over the ten-year span, (number of units sold, profit) for specific recorded years:

( 46 , 1 , 600 ) , ( 48 , 1 , 55 0 ) , ( 50 , 1 , 505 ) , ( 52 , 1 , 54 0 ) , ( 54 , 1 , 495 ) .

Use linear regression to determine a function P where the profit in thousands of dollars depends on the number of units sold in hundreds.

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Find to the nearest tenth and interpret the x -intercept.

( 189 .8 , 0 ) If 18,980 units are sold, the company will have a profit of zero dollars.

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Find to the nearest tenth and interpret the y -intercept.

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The population of a city increased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs shows the population and the year over the ten-year span, (population, year) for specific recorded years:

( 25 00 , 2000 ) , ( 265 0 , 2001 ) , ( 3000 , 2003 ) , ( 35 00 , 2006 ) , ( 42 00 , 2010 )

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the year depends on the population. Round to three decimal places of accuracy.

y = 0.00587 x + 1985 .4 1

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Predict when the population will hit 8,000.

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The profit of a company increased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs show the number of units sold in hundreds and the profit in thousands of over the ten year span, (number of units sold, profit) for specific recorded years:

( 46 , 25 0 ) , ( 48 , 3 05 ) , ( 50 , 35 0 ) , ( 52 , 39 0 ) , ( 54 , 41 0 ) .

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the profit in thousands of dollars depends on the number of units sold in hundreds.

y = 2 0. 25 x 671 . 5

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Predict when the profit will exceed one million dollars.

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For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The profit of a company decreased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs show dollars and the number of units sold in hundreds and the profit in thousands of over the ten-year span (number of units sold, profit) for specific recorded years:

( 46 , 25 0 ) , ( 48 , 225 ) , ( 50 , 2 05 ) , ( 52 , 18 0 ) , ( 54 , 165 ) .

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the profit in thousands of dollars depends on the number of units sold in hundreds.

y = 1 0. 75 x + 742 . 5 0

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Predict when the profit will dip below the $25,000 threshold.

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Chapter review exercises

Linear Functions

Determine whether the algebraic equation is linear. 2 x + 3 y = 7

Yes

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Questions & Answers

sin theta=3/4.prove that sec square theta barabar 1 + tan square theta by cosec square theta minus cos square theta
Umesh Reply
I want to know trigonometry but I can't understand it anyone who can help
Siyabonga Reply
Yh
Idowu
which part of trig?
Nyemba
functions
Siyabonga
trigonometry
Ganapathi
differentiation doubhts
Ganapathi
hi
Ganapathi
hello
Brittany
Prove that 4sin50-3tan 50=1
Sudip Reply
f(x)= 1 x    f(x)=1x  is shifted down 4 units and to the right 3 units.
Sebit Reply
f (x) = −3x + 5 and g (x) = x − 5 /−3
Sebit
what are real numbers
Marty Reply
I want to know partial fraction Decomposition.
Adama Reply
classes of function in mathematics
Yazidu Reply
divide y2_8y2+5y2/y2
Sumanth Reply
wish i knew calculus to understand what's going on 🙂
Dashawn Reply
@dashawn ... in simple terms, a derivative is the tangent line of the function. which gives the rate of change at that instant. to calculate. given f(x)==ax^n. then f'(x)=n*ax^n-1 . hope that help.
Christopher
thanks bro
Dashawn
maybe when i start calculus in a few months i won't be that lost 😎
Dashawn
what's the derivative of 4x^6
Axmed Reply
24x^5
James
10x
Axmed
24X^5
Taieb
Thanks for this helpfull app
Axmed Reply
secA+tanA=2√5,sinA=?
richa Reply
tan2a+tan2a=√3
Rahulkumar
classes of function
Yazidu
if sinx°=sin@, then @ is - ?
NAVJIT Reply
the value of tan15°•tan20°•tan70°•tan75° -
NAVJIT
0.037 than find sin and tan?
Jon Reply
cos24/25 then find sin and tan
Deepak Reply
Practice Key Terms 5

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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