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For the following exercises, input the left-hand side of the inequality as a Y1 graph in your graphing utility. Enter y2 = the right-hand side. Entering the absolute value of an expression is found in the MATH menu, Num, 1:abs(. Find the points of intersection, recall (2 nd CALC 5:intersection, 1 st curve, enter, 2 nd curve, enter, guess, enter). Copy a sketch of the graph and shade the x -axis for your solution set to the inequality. Write final answers in interval notation.

1 2 | x + 2 | < 4

Where the blue is below the orange; always. All real numbers. ( , + ) .


A coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from -10 to 10.  The function y = -0.5|x + 2| and the line y = 4 are graphed on the same axes.  A line runs along the entire x-axis.

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| x 4 | < 3

Where the blue is below the orange; ( 1 , 7 ) .


A coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from -10 to 10.  The function y = |x  4| and the line y = 3 are graphed on the same axes.  Along the x-axis the points 1 and 7 have an open circle around them and a line connects the two.

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Extensions

Solve | 3 x + 1 | = | 2 x + 3 |

x = 2 , 4 5

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x 5 x + 7 0 , x −7

( −7 , 5 ]

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p = x 2 + 130 x 3000 is a profit formula for a small business. Find the set of x -values that will keep this profit positive.

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Real-world applications

In chemistry the volume for a certain gas is given by V = 20 T , where V is measured in cc and T is temperature in ºC. If the temperature varies between 80ºC and 120ºC, find the set of volume values.

80 T 120 1 , 600 20 T 2 , 400

[ 1 , 600 ,   2 , 400 ]

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A basic cellular package costs $20/mo. for 60 min of calling, with an additional charge of $.30/min beyond that time.. The cost formula would be C = $ 20 + .30 ( x 60 ) . If you have to keep your bill lower than $50, what is the maximum calling minutes you can use?

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Chapter review exercises

The Rectangular Coordinate Systems and Graphs

For the following exercises, find the x -intercept and the y -intercept without graphing.

4 x 3 y = 12

x -intercept: ( 3 , 0 ) ; y -intercept: ( 0 , −4 )

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For the following exercises, solve for y in terms of x , putting the equation in slope–intercept form.

5 x = 3 y 12

y = 5 3 x + 4

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For the following exercises, find the distance between the two points.

( −2 , 5 ) ( 4 , −1 )

72 = 6 2

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( −12 , −3 ) ( −1 , 5 )

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Find the distance between the two points ( −71,432 ) and (511,218) using your calculator, and round your answer to the nearest thousandth.

620.097

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For the following exercises, find the coordinates of the midpoint of the line segment that joins the two given points.

( −1 , 5 )  and  ( 4 , 6 )

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( −13 , 5 )  and  ( 17 , 18 )

midpoint is ( 2 , 23 2 )

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For the following exercises, construct a table and graph the equation by plotting at least three points.

4 x 3 y = 6

x y
0 −2
3 2
6 6


A coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from -10 to 10.  The points (0,-2); (3,2) and (6,6) are plotted and a line runs through all these points.

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Linear Equations in One Variable

For the following exercises, solve for x .

3 ( x + 2 ) 10 = x + 4

x = 4

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12 5 ( x + 1 ) = 2 x 5

x = 12 7

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2 x 3 3 4 = x 6 + 21 4

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For the following exercises, solve for x . State all x -values that are excluded from the solution set.

x x 2 9 + 4 x + 3 = 3 x 2 9 x 3 , −3

No solution

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the point-slope formula.

Passes through these two points: ( −2 , 1 ) , ( 4 , 2 ) .

y = 1 6 x + 4 3

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Passes through the point ( 3 , 4 ) and has a slope of 1 3 .

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Passes through the point ( 3 , 4 ) and is parallel to the graph y = 2 3 x + 5.

y = 2 3 x + 6

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Passes through these two points: ( 5 , 1 ) , ( 5 , 7 ) .

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Models and Applications

For the following exercises, write and solve an equation to answer each question.

The number of males in the classroom is five more than three times the number of females. If the total number of students is 73, how many of each gender are in the class?

females 17, males 56

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Questions & Answers

what is the VA Ha D R X int Y int of f(x) =x²+4x+4/x+2 f(x) =x³-1/x-1
Shadow Reply
can I get help with this?
Wayne
Are they two separate problems or are the two functions a system?
Wilson
Also, is the first x squared in "x+4x+4"
Wilson
x^2+4x+4?
Wilson
thank you
Wilson
Please see ***imgur.com/a/lpTpDZk for solutions
Wilson
f(x)=x square-root 2 +2x+1 how to solve this value
Marjun Reply
factor or use quadratic formula
Wilson
what is algebra
Ige Reply
The product of two is 32. Find a function that represents the sum of their squares.
Paul
if theta =30degree so COS2 theta = 1- 10 square theta upon 1 + tan squared theta
Martin Reply
how to compute this 1. g(1-x) 2. f(x-2) 3. g (-x-/5) 4. f (x)- g (x)
Yanah Reply
hi
John
hi
Grace
what sup friend
John
not much For functions, there are two conditions for a function to be the inverse function:   1--- g(f(x)) = x for all x in the domain of f     2---f(g(x)) = x for all x in the domain of g Notice in both cases you will get back to the  element that you started with, namely, x.
Grace
sin theta=3/4.prove that sec square theta barabar 1 + tan square theta by cosec square theta minus cos square theta
Umesh Reply
acha se dhek ke bata sin theta ke value
Ajay
sin theta ke ja gha sin square theta hoga
Ajay
I want to know trigonometry but I can't understand it anyone who can help
Siyabonga Reply
Yh
Idowu
which part of trig?
Nyemba
functions
Siyabonga
trigonometry
Ganapathi
differentiation doubhts
Ganapathi
hi
Ganapathi
hello
Brittany
Prove that 4sin50-3tan 50=1
Sudip Reply
False statement so you cannot prove it
Wilson
f(x)= 1 x    f(x)=1x  is shifted down 4 units and to the right 3 units.
Sebit Reply
f (x) = −3x + 5 and g (x) = x − 5 /−3
Sebit
what are real numbers
Marty Reply
I want to know partial fraction Decomposition.
Adama Reply
classes of function in mathematics
Yazidu Reply
divide y2_8y2+5y2/y2
Sumanth Reply
wish i knew calculus to understand what's going on 🙂
Dashawn Reply
@dashawn ... in simple terms, a derivative is the tangent line of the function. which gives the rate of change at that instant. to calculate. given f(x)==ax^n. then f'(x)=n*ax^n-1 . hope that help.
Christopher
thanks bro
Dashawn
maybe when i start calculus in a few months i won't be that lost 😎
Dashawn
what's the derivative of 4x^6
Axmed Reply
24x^5
James
10x
Axmed
24X^5
Taieb
comment écrire les symboles de math par un clavier normal
SLIMANE
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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